Dallol, officially one of the remotest places on earth, is located in the Danakil Depression in northeast Ethiopia. The area is known for its otherworldly hydro-geothermal features that include acidic sulfur lakes, geysers, and bizarrely colored mineral deposits. Though technically listed as a settlement by the government, Dallol is no longer inhabited. Other than nomadic peoples who mine salt and run camel caravans in the area, the only residents in this nearly uninhabitable landscape live in the nearby community of Hamedela, which serves as a base for tourists visiting the country’s volcanic regions.
Sitting more than 400 feet below sea level, Dallol claims to be the hottest place on Earth. That claim is sometimes contested by those who insist Death Valley, California is hotter. However, Dallol holds the official record for the highest average temperature for an inhabited location; an average annual temperature of 35°C (95°F) was recorded between 1960 and 1966. Aside from tourism, the area is important as a mining center for Potash and salt.